Cardiology is a division of medicine which deals with the diagnosis and treatment related to heart disorders. It is the specialization related to one of the most important organ of our body and as such it has much significance in medical science too. The field incorporates therapeutic analysis and treatment of intrinsic heart imperfections, coronary vein infection, heart disappointment, valvular coronary illness and electrophysiology. Cardiology is concerned with the typical usefulness of the heart and the deviation from a sound heart.
The field of Cardiology is a medical specialty responsible for the diagnosis of disease, treatment and prevention measures of cardiovascular disease. Cardiologists study the dysfunctions of the heart, but the study of adult and child heart disorders are through dissimilar training pathways. Therefore, an adult cardiologist (often unqualified and called just "cardiologist") is not fully trained to take care of children, and pediatric cardiologists are inadequately trained for adults. The surgical feature are not included in cardiology and are in the discipline of cardiothoracic surgery, For example, Cardiopulmonary bypass and Coronary artery bypass surgery are two surgical procedures performed by surgeons, not cardiologists.
• Clinical Cardiology.
• Cardiac Surgery.
• Cardiovascular Diseases.
• Vascular Heart Diseases.
• Heart Defibrillation.
• Cardiovascular Research.
• Pediatric Cardiology.
• Cardiac Regeneration.
• Cardiac stroke.
• Cardiovascular Imaging.
• Cardiac Nursing.
• Clinical trials in Cardiology.
• Interventional Cardiology.
• Cardiogenic Embolism.
• Advances in Cardiology education.
• Cardiovascular Disease Treatments.
• Cardiovascular Disease Prevention.
Target Audience will be personnel from both industrial and academic fields which include; CEOs, COOs, Directors, Vice Presidents, Co-directors, Cardiologists, Managing Directors, Industry Safety Officers, Cardiac Research Scientists, Doctorates, Professors, Post Doctorate Fellows, Vendors of Consumer Products/ Managers, Pharmaceutical Scientists, Students from the related fields.
Benefits of joining the Conference:
Citations International affords a tremendous opportunity to join in this forum to utilize the expertise and novelties that expands the participant’s views in the field of Cardiology. We also aim to bring together front-line experts from multidisciplinary research and application areas to join this conference, to discuss the ongoing Research and Development efforts in the field of Cardiology.
• Exchange ideas and network with leading Cardiologists and decision makers.
• Bring together top international Cardiology professionals presenting cutting-edge discoveries, research and opportunities.
• Participants can gain direct access to a core audience of Cardiology professionals and decision makers, and have increased visibility through branding and networking at the conference.
Worldwide Cardiology Associations:
• The American Heart Association (AHA)
• American College of Cardiology
• Heart Failure Society of America (HFSA)
• American Society of Echocardiography (ASE)
• Alliance of Cardiovascular Professionals (ACVP)
• American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP)
• Society of Invasive Cardiovascular Professionals (SICP)
• American Association of Heart Failure Nurses (AAHFN)
• Cardiovascular Credentialing International (CCI)
• Cardiovascular Credentialing International (CCI)
• American Society of Hypertension (ASH)
• International Academy of Cardiology (IAC)
• International Society for Heart Research (ISHR)
• International Society for Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery (ISMICS)
• Society of Geriatric Cardiology
• American College of Cardiovascular Administrators (ACCA)
UAE Cardiology Association:
• Emirates Cardiac Society
A clinical cardiology diagnoses and treats the condition that affects the cardiovascular system, which includes the heart and the blood vessels. World Congress on Cardiology employees medications and other non-surgical methods to remedy and prevent the heart attacks, coronary artery diseases and other similar conditions.
Cardiac surgery is surgery on the heart or great vessels performed by cardiac surgeons. Frequently, it is done to treat complications of ischemic heart disease, correct congenital heart disease, or treat valvular heart disease from various causes including atherosclerosis, endocarditis and rheumatic heart disease. It also includes heart transplantation. The development of cardiac surgery and cardiopulmonary bypass techniques has reduced the mortality rates of these surgeries to relatively low ranks. Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is the most common type of heart surgery. CABG improves blood flow to the heart. Surgeons use CABG to treat people who have severe coronary heart disease (CHD).
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are a group of disorders of the heart and blood vessels and they include:
• Coronary heart disease – disease of the blood vessels supplying the heart muscle;
• Cerebrovascular disease – disease of the blood vessels supplying the brain;
• Peripheral arterial disease – disease of blood vessels supplying the arms and legs;
• Rheumatic heart disease – damage to the heart muscle and heart valves from rheumatic fever, caused by streptococcal bacteria;
• Congenital heart disease – malformations of heart structure existing at birth;
• Deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism – blood clots in the leg veins, which can dislodge and move to the heart and lungs.
Heart attacks and strokes are usually acute events and are mainly caused by a blockage that prevents blood from flowing to the heart or brain. The most common reason for this is a build-up of fatty deposits on the inner walls of the blood vessels that supply the heart or brain. Strokes can also be caused by bleeding from a blood vessel in the brain or from blood clots. The cause of heart attacks and strokes are usually the presence of a combination of risk factors, such as tobacco use, unhealthy diet and obesity, physical inactivity and harmful use of alcohol, hypertension, diabetes and hyperlipidaemia.
Vascular Heart Diseases
Vascular disease is an abnormal condition of the blood vessels of the heart. Arteries and Veins are the blood vessels through which blood is pumped throughout the body. It is a class of illness of the veins and veins of the circulatory arrangement of the body. It is a subgroup of cardiovascular ailment. Disarranges in this limitless system of veins can bring about a scope of wellbeing issues which can be serious or demonstrate deadly.
Cardiomyopathy refers to diseases of the heart muscle. These diseases have many causes, signs and symptoms, and treatments. In cardiomyopathy, the heart muscle becomes enlarged, thick, or rigid. In rare cases, the muscle tissue in the heart is replaced with scar tissue.
As cardiomyopathy worsens, the heart becomes weaker. It's less able to pump blood through the body and maintain a normal electrical rhythm. This can lead to heart failure or irregular heartbeats called arrhythmias. In turn, heart failure can cause fluid to build up in the lungs, ankles, feet, legs, or abdomen.
The weakening of the heart also can cause other complications, such as heart valve problems.
The types of cardiomyopathy are:
• Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
• Dilated cardiomyopathy
• Restrictive cardiomyopathy
• Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia
• Unclassified cardiomyopathy
Defibrillation is a treatment for life-threatening cardiac dysrhythmias, specifically ventricular fibrillation (VF) and non-perfusing ventricular tachycardia (VT). A defibrillator delivers a dose of electric current to the heart. The electrical shock does not have to be timed with the heart's intrinsic cardiac cycle. This depolarizes a large amount of the heart muscle, ending the dysrhythmia. Subsequently, the body's natural pacemaker in the sinoatrial node of the heart is able to re-establish normal sinus rhythm.
Defibrillators can be external, transvenous, or implanted, depending on the type of device used or needed. Some external units, known as automated external defibrillators (AEDs), automate the diagnosis of treatable rhythms, meaning that lay responders or bystanders are able to use them successfully with little or no training.
Cardiovascular disease is the category of diseases that involves the blood vessels or heart dysfunctions. It involves coronary artery diseases like heart attack (myocardial infraction) and Angina. Other cardiovascular diseases are hypertensive heart diseases, stroke, rheumatic heart diseases, aortic aneurysms, atrial fibrillation, congenital heart diseases, peripheral heart disease, endocarditis and venous thrombosis.
Pediatric cardiology is a branch of medicine dealing with various heart related problems in children, infants, new born. The field incorporates therapeutic conclusion and treatment of innate heart deserts; coronary corridor ailment, heart disappointment, valvular coronary illness and electrophysiology in kids' and the Physicians who have some expertise in this field of solution are called Pediatric cardiologists. This for the most part happened in the youngsters because of Plaque develop thickens and solidifies course dividers, which can repress blood move through your supply routes to your organs and tissues. Atherosclerosis is additionally the most well-known reason for Pediatric cardiovascular sickness. There are a wide range of sorts of heart issues that can influence kids. They incorporate intrinsic heart abandons, viral contaminations that influence the heart, and even coronary illness gained later in youth because of diseases or hereditary disorders.
The regrowth of organs and tissues of the heart that are lost in an injury are called Cardiac Regeneration. This is in disparity to wound healing, which involves closing of the injury site by forming a scar. Few tissues like skin and large organs such as liver regrow quite readily, whilst others have been seen with little or no capacity of regeneration. Nevertheless in the present research, it suggests that particularly in the Lungs and heart, there is hope for a variety of organs and tissues will eventually develop and the capacity to regenerate.
A stroke happens when blood stops flowing to any part of your brain, damaging brain cells. The effects of a stroke depend on the part of the brain that was damaged and the amount of damage done.
The two most common types of stroke are ischaemic and haemorrhagic stroke:
• strokes happen when the artery that supplies blood to your brain is blocked, for example by a blood clot.
• strokes happen when a blood vessel bursts and bleeds into your brain, damaging brain tissue and starving some of your brain cells of blood and oxygen.
Without a constant blood supply, your brain cells will be damaged or die, which can affect the way your body and mind work.
Cardiac imaging is a central aspect of Cardiology. Cardiac imaging is the action or process of producing an image especially of a part of the body (Heart) by radiographic techniques. It interprets cross sectional imaging studies of the heart and vascular system. Standard imaging tests include Echocardiography, chest x-ray, CT, MRI, and various radionuclide techniques like Radionuclide Imaging.
Cardiac nursing is a nursing specialty that works with patients who suffer from various conditions of the cardiovascular system. Cardiac nurses help treat conditions such as unstable angina, cardiomyopathy, coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction and cardiac dysrhythmia under the direction of a cardiologist.
Cardiac nurses perform postoperative care on a surgical unit, stress test evaluations, cardiac monitoring, vascular monitoring, and health assessments. Cardiac nurses must have Basic Life Support and Advanced Cardiac Life Support certification. In addition, cardiac nurses must possess specialized skills including electrocardiogram monitoring, defibrillation, and medication administration by continuous intravenous drip.
Cardiac nurses work in many different environments, including coronary care units (CCU), cardiac catheterization, intensive care units (ICU), operating theatres, cardiac rehabilitation centers, clinical research, cardiac surgery wards, cardiovascular intensive care units (CVICU), and cardiac medical wards.
Clinical trials in Cardiology
Below are the some of the clinical trials in cardiology,
• 4S Trial.
• ACCOMPLISH Trial.
• ACCORD Trial.
• AFFIRM Trial.
• AIM-HIGH Trial.
• ALLHAT Trial.
• ARBITER 6-HALTS Trial.
Interventional cardiology is a branch of cardiology that deals specifically with the catheter based treatment of structural heart diseases.
The main advantages of using the interventional cardiology or radiology approach are the avoidance of the scars and pain, and long post-operative recovery. Additionally, interventional cardiology procedure of primary angioplasty is now the gold standard of care for an acute myocardial infarction. It involves the extraction of clots from occluded coronary arteries and deployment of stents and balloons through a small hole made in a major artery, which has given it the name "pin-hole surgery".
Cardiogenic embolism is obstruction of blood or struck of any foreign matter in blood vessels while travelling through the blood stream. Blood clot travels through the blood stream where it can lodge in artery of brain, blocks the flow of oxygen-rich blood leads to lack of oxygen results in damage, destruction or death of tissue in brain beyond the affected area results stroke.
Advances in Cardiology education
The new and fast-growing area of cardiovascular medicine that aims to apply molecular biology techniques for the mechanistic investigation, diagnosis, prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease. As an emerging discipline, it has changed conceptual thinking of cardiovascular development, disease etiology and pathophysiology Advances in Cardiovascular Imaging reviews clinically relevant information regarding heart failure and arrhythmias as well as ischemic, structural and valvular heart disease.
Cardiovascular Disease Treatments
Treatment for Cardiac or cardiovascular disease includes medication, surgery and other procedures. Cardiovascular disease treatments vary by condition. For instance, if one has a heart infection, he/she likely is given antibiotics. In general, treatment for heart disease commonly includes: Lifestyle changes like doing exercise regularly, maintaining a proper diet chat, Medications, surgery or Medical procedures. The goals of treatment are to relieve symptoms, lower the risk of blood clots forming, bring down risk factors in an effort to slow, stop, or reverse the build-up of plaque.
Cardiovascular Disease Prevention
Heart disease is a becoming fatigue condition for many people. Day by day it’s becoming the leading cause of death in the World. There are certain risk factors which influencing heart disease directly. Risk factors fall under 2 Classes. Modifiable risk factors are that in which one can control such as weight. Non-modifiable risk factors are that which one can’t control, like genetics. Though the identification of Cardiovascular Diseases is horrifying, there square measure in several manner decisions which create to assist to resist this sickness. Intake nutrition, Quitting smoking, exercising, and reducing stress and high pressure level with significant impact on preventing cardiovascular disease.
Cardiology - Market Analysis:
List of top rated hospitals in Dubai
• American Hospital.
• NMC Hospital Group.
• GMC Clinics.
• Zulekha Hospital.
• Tawam Hospital.
• Sheikh Khalifa Medical City.
• Mediclinic Middle East (EHL HealthCare Management Services).
• Al Zahra Private Hospital.
• Gulf Medical College Hospital & Research Centre Ajman Multispeciality General Hospital.
• Moorfields Eye Hospital Dubai.
• DM Healthcare (Dr Moopen's Group).
• Emirates Hospital.
• International Modern Hospital.
• Belhoul European Hospital.
• Imperial College London Diabetes Centre.
List of top Medical Universities in Dubai
• Gulf Medical University
• RAK Medical and Health Sciences University
• Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland (Dubai)
• Harvard Medical School Dubai Center
• Dubai Medical College
• Dubai Pharmacy College
• Dubai School of Dental Medicine (Boston University Institute)
Statistics of number of deaths due to CVD in UAE
In UAE, Diabetes is a major risk factor for heart attacks, because more than 20 per cent of UAE’s population is diabetic. Similarly, the percentage of people with obesity, hypertension, and high cholesterol is also very high in UAE.
Tobacco consumption is another significant cause for cardiovascular diseases in UAE, evidenced by the fact that more than 50% of the heart attack patients admitted in Rashid Hospital in 2013 were smokers.
The high risk of heart disease in the region can also be attributed to a poor diet and the high consumption of fat and carbohydrates.
Some of the other factors causing CVD are
• Being physically inactive
• Being overweight or obese
• Family history of heart disease
• Ethnic background
• Gender – men are more likely to develop CVD at an earlier age than women.
• Age – the older you are, the more likely you are to develop CVD.
Industry Analysis & Industry Trends
Driven by an aging population and an increased rate of obesity, revenue, employment and wages in the Cardiologists industry have grown over the past five years. Having contended with relatively slow growth during the recession as potential patients lost access to health coverage, the expansion of private health insurance under the 2010 federal healthcare overhaul has propelled the industry's fastest growth in over a decade. Improving economic conditions through 2019 are expected to underpin steady growth for cardiologists, though profit pressures will encourage consolidation in the industry. Despite the benefits received from health reform, however, continued unpredictability in Medicare and Medicaid reimbursement rates will pose a challenge to doctors in the industry.
The global interventional cardiology and peripheral vascular devices market is expected to reach USD 31.47 Billion by 2021 from USD 21.83 Billion in 2016, at a CAGR of 7.1% from 2016 to 2021. Rising aging population, rising incidence of cardiovascular diseases, increasing demand of minimally invasive procedures, and technological advancements are the major factors driving the growth of this market.
The global market for cardiovascular diagnostics and therapy increased from $111 billion in 2006 to an estimated $119.8 billion in 2007. It should reach $192.4 billion through 2012, a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 9.9%. The cardiovascular diagnostics market represents one of the largest sectors in the diagnostics industry chiefly due to the high prevalence rate of and mortality from cardiovascular disease. Of the cardiovascular diagnostics, devices and drugs markets, the drugs market is the largest, worth an estimated $82.4 billion in 2007 and expected to reach $121.6 billion in 2012.
The global cardiovascular device industry is growing rapidly and exhibits signs that it will continue to evolve and expand to reach over $97 billion by 2015, up from nearly $85 billion in 2010 according to a study from BCC Research.